A surprising number of women have ovarian cysts without ever knowing about them, and most of the time the cysts are harmless, causing no discernible symptoms. For some women, this isn’t the case, but Diane Mustafa, MD, of Women’s Care of Passaic in New Jersey, is a board-certified OB/GYN with considerable expertise in assessing and treating women with ovarian cysts. For comprehensive, compassionate treatment, call the Passaic clinic today or book an appointment online.
An ovarian cyst is a sac filled with fluid that develops in or on an ovary. You have two ovaries that produce eggs during your fertile years, and ovarian cysts are a common condition that many women have without being aware the cysts are present.
In most cases, ovarian cysts don’t cause symptoms, and they disappear naturally within a few months. Some women have ovarian cysts that are more problematic, causing pain and discomfort. If a cyst ruptures, it can cause severe symptoms that require immediate medical attention.
Dr. Mustafa checks your ovaries during your annual well-woman exam to make sure you don’t have any ovarian cysts that could potentially cause problems.
Most cysts on the ovaries develop during your menstrual cycle. These are called functional cysts. It’s normal for the ovaries to develop follicles every month that produce estrogen and progesterone and release the egg from the ovary. Sometimes, the follicle continues to grow, forming an ovarian cyst.
Functional cysts rarely cause any problems and usually disappear within a few months. However, other types of cysts are more likely to cause problems:
Unlike functional cysts, these cysts aren’t related to your monthly cycle. They may become large enough to force the ovary out of position and cause ovarian torsion, where the ovary twists and in some cases, decreasing or stopping blood flow.
You’re more likely to develop ovarian cysts if:
Preventing ovarian cysts from forming isn’t possible, so regular checkups with Dr. Mustafa are essential in detecting problems in a timely manner.
If you have no symptoms, you may not need treatment as the cyst is likely to go away naturally. Dr. Mustafa monitors the cyst with ultrasounds to see how it's developing. You can take birth control pills to help prevent new cysts from forming.
If a cyst is large, nonfunctional, causes pain, and shows no sign of going away, Dr. Mustafa may recommend surgery.
To schedule your well-woman checkup or talk to Dr. Mustafa about pelvic pain, call Women’s Care of Passaic today or book an appointment online.