Fibroids Specialist

Women's Care of Passaic

OB/GYN located in Passaic, NJ

Fibroids often grow in a woman’s uterus without her knowing, and for the most part, they’re entirely benign. For some women, however, fibroids can cause pain and heavy periods. Diane Mustafa, MD, of Women’s Care of Passaic in New Jersey, is a board-certified gynecologist who has the expertise to identify and assess fibroids and design a treatment program tailored to your needs. Call the Passaic clinic today to find out more or book an appointment online.

Fibroids Q & A

What are fibroids?

Fibroids are growths that can develop in the uterus during your childbearing years. Also known as leiomyomas or myomas, uterine fibroids are noncancerous. Fibroids can range in size from tiny nodules that can’t be seen by the naked eye, to masses that are large enough to distort the uterus.

What symptoms do fibroids cause?

Women often have uterine fibroids without knowing it because fibroids usually don’t cause symptoms. Fibroids, like ovarian cysts, are often discovered during a routine exam.

If you do have symptoms, the most common are:

  • Heavy bleeding during your period
  • Periods that last more than a week
  • Pain or a feeling of pressure in the pelvic region
  • Frequent urination
  • Problems emptying your bladder
  • Constipation
  • Backache
  • Pain in your legs

In rare instances, fibroids cause severe pain.

How are fibroids diagnosed?

The first stage in diagnosis is a review of your symptoms and a pelvic exam. If Dr. Mustafa can feel any anomalies in your uterus that indicate you have fibroids, she can confirm this with diagnostic testing using ultrasound or MRI.

Dr. Mustafa is likely to order a complete blood count to check for other problems that could be causing your symptoms.

What treatments are available for fibroids?

If your fibroids aren’t causing any symptoms, then you may wish to simply monitor them and take action only if they start causing problems. Fibroids are not malignant, and they don’t normally have any adverse effects on conception or pregnancy.

If you are experiencing bothersome symptoms, Dr. Mustafa can prescribe medications to help with pain, heavy bleeding, and the feeling of pressure:

  • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists
  • Progestin-releasing intrauterine device (IUD)
  • Tranexamic acid
  • Oral contraceptives or progestins
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

Medications don’t get rid of uterine fibroids altogether, but some may help fibroids shrink. Dr. Mustafa may also recommend noninvasive procedures that shrink or destroy the fibroids.

There are also surgical options for removing fibroids if they’re a problem, including:

  • MRI-guided focused ultrasound surgery (FUS)
  • Laparoscopic or robotic myomectomy
  • Hysteroscopic myomectomy
  • Endometrial ablation
  • Abdominal myomectomy
  • Hysterectomy

Some of these options can affect your ability to become pregnant, but Dr. Mustafa takes time to go through the choices with you so you can make the right decision for your well-being.

If you’re concerned about fibroids or you need to schedule a well-woman exam, call Women’s Care of Passaic today or book online.