Endometriosis Specialist

Women's Care of Passaic

OB/GYN located in Passaic, NJ

Endometriosis can be a painful, debilitating condition for many women and often has a severe impact on their daily life, especially during their monthly cycle. Diane Mustafa, MD, of Women’s Care of Passaic in New Jersey, is a board-certified OB/GYN with years of experience in helping women manage endometriosis. To find out more about the treatments Dr. Mustafa provides, call the Passaic clinic today, or book an appointment online.

Endometriosis Q & A

What is endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a condition of the reproductive organs, causing heavy, painful menstruation, and potentially affecting fertility.

The endometrium is the lining of your uterus, which is shed monthly during your period. In women who have endometriosis, endometrial tissue grows outside the uterus, most often on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and nearby tissues. In some cases, endometriosis spreads to other organs outside the pelvic region.

The endometrial tissue growing outside your uterus behaves in the same way as the endometrium; it thickens, sheds, and bleeds every time you menstruate. The blood and shed tissues get trapped inside your body, irritating surrounding organs and tissues and causing the formation of scar tissue.

What are the symptoms of endometriosis?

The most common symptom of endometriosis is pelvic pain that typically worsens during your period. Other symptoms you may experience are usually worse during menstruation, or may only occur during your period. Common symptoms include:

  • Lower back pain
  • Abdominal pain
  • Painful intercourse
  • Painful bowel movements
  • Pain when urinating
  • Excessive menstrual bleeding
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation

If you’re hoping to start a family, endometriosis can cause problems with conception, and for many women, diagnosis occurs as a result of investigations into infertility.

Risk factors that increase your likelihood of developing endometriosis include:

  • Never having been pregnant
  • Starting menstruation at a young age
  • Having a late menopause
  • Excess estrogen
  • Low BMI (body mass index)
  • Having menstrual cycles that last less than 27 days
  • Having heavy periods that last more than seven days
  • Abnormalities in the reproductive tract
  • Family history of endometriosis

Endometriosis most often develops from the late teens. Many women find symptoms reduce when they’re pregnant.

What treatments are available for endometriosis?

Treatment options for endometriosis depend on whether you wish to become pregnant now or in the future. In the beginning, Dr. Mustafa is likely to recommend conservative treatments, using pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory medications to ease your symptoms.

She can also prescribe hormone therapy to reduce the growth and spread of endometrial tissue, such as:

  • Hormonal contraceptives
  • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists and antagonists
  • Progestin therapy
  • Aromatase inhibitors

Surgery to remove the endometrial tissue may be helpful if your symptoms are severe, and conservative surgery that preserves your uterus and ovaries can increase your chances of conceiving.

If you’re trying for a baby, fertility treatments may be necessary, ranging from stimulating the ovaries to IVF treatments.

If painful periods or chronic pelvic pain are affecting your quality of life, call Women’s Care of Passaic today or book online.